Largely unknown to the Western world for much of its tur¬bulent history, Rakhine played a pivotal role in the exchange of cultures and religions between India and Southeast Asia. For over a thousand years the region which now forms the Rakhine State, Myanmar was an independent state whose rich history is only slowly being paid the attention it deserves.
Shittthaung Pagodas, Ananda Sandra Pillar, Andaw Thein temple, Yadanarpon temple, Dukkanthein or Htoke Kan Thein, Koe Thaung Pagodas, Pitakataik (or) the Library, Five Victory Pagodas, Palace Site, the ancient ruins of Mrauk U period, Mrauk U Museum showing information about the ancient Rakhine eras are the main places to visit in Mrauk U.Shitthaung or "temple of the 80.000 Buddhas" located about half a mile to the north of the palace site was built by one of the most powerful kings of the Mrauk U Dynasty. called by the people. Minbargyi. It is an ancient temple. in Mrauk U of northern Rakhine state. Myanmar.
According to records on inscriptions as King Minbin who reigned from 1513 to 1553. The king built this fortress-temple after repulsing a Portuguese attack on the City of Mrauk U. The skill and art displayed in its construction and ornamentation are remarkable. Besides. we may observe here about the maze-like layout of this pagoda. In the accounts of this curious plan. some foreigners remarked that the Shitthaung Pagoda was built alike a fortress. The real purpose of the pagoda was for prayer. some rituals of initiation. and some of the King's ceremonies. which were usually held secretly. It was constructed six feet thick of solid sandstone and like "rock cave tunnel". No mortar was used in the construction and stones were connected with stone brackets. It is believed that 84.000 of the Buddha's relics with the same number of the Lord's images are enshrined in it. People who entered the tunnels of the temple felt that they were actually inside an endless tunnel. The pagodas had been built by one thousand architects and workmen for a year. The central pagoda measures 160 feet long and 124 feet broad. 86 feet high. On the north and south walls stand at regular intervals circular. turret-like pagodas. There are one big and 14 smaller ones on the north and a bigger one and seventeen smaller ones on the south. Along the other two inner galleries are hundreds of Buddha images of various sizes. Dukkanthein also called as Htukanthein or Htoekanthein. stands on a hill which is about 30 feet in height. Its structure is like a flat surface in the form of a drum. King Minphalaung built the pagoda in 1571 A.D.
Sittwe is the Capital city of the Rakhine State, and Sittwe is situated on an estuarial island at the confluence of the Kaladan River, Myu River, and Lemyo River. Thandwe has the main airport to the Rakhine State. Kyaukphyu is another commercial town. The Ann Pass is an important trade route and rises to a height of 4664 feet above sea level.